Jacqueline Rose (convenor) is lecturer in history at the University of St Andrews.  She is writing a book on Kingship and counsel in early modern England, 1509-1688.  Her article on the subject can be found in The Historical Journal of January 2011.  For more information about Jacqueline, see here.

Claire Hawes (co-convenor) is working on a doctoral thesis, ‘Kingship, counsel, and service: ideas and practice of government in Scotland, 1424-1513’, which considers the language of counsel in a wide variety of settings from chronicles and poetry to parliamentary and burgh council records. For more information on Claire, see here.

Roger Mason (co-convenor) is professor of history and director of the Institute for Scottish Historical Research at the University of St Andrews. He has written extensively on counsel, kingship, and identity in late medieval and early modern Scotland; some of his essays on these themes can be found in Kingship and the commonweal: political thought in Renaissance and Reformation Scotland. For more information on Roger, see here.

Below: James IV, from John Johnston, Inscriptiones historicae regum Scotorum (1602) and title page of Antonio de Guevara, The diall of princes, trans. Thomas North (1557) (reproduced by kind permission of University of St Andrews Special Collections)








Jackson Armstrong is Lecturer in History at the University of Aberdeen. He is interested in Scotland and England in the period 1300-1600, including frameworks of law and related aspects of government.

Amy Blakeway is a junior research fellow at Homerton College in Cambridge.  She is exploring the origins of the Scottish Privy Council as part of her monograph on the subject of ‘Regency in Sixteenth-Century Scotland’.  For more information on Amy’s work, see here

Dr Michael Brown is Reader in Scottish History at the University of St Andrews.  He is interested in late Medieval Scotland and the politics and political society of the British Isles between 1250 and 1520.  He is the author of Disunited Kingdoms: Peoples and Politics in the British Isles 1280-1460, published by Pearson.

David Coast is a postdoctoral fellow at Durham University. He is writing a book on News and Rumour in Jacobean England, and is interested in the politics of counsel under James I and Charles I.

Chris Given-Wilson has an interest in both counsel and the royal council stemming in part from the fact that the period on which he works most closely, the later fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries, is the first for which there are detailed, though intermittent, records for what later became known as the privy council. He is also interested in the more general idea of how kings sought and took counsel, informally as much as formally, and the extent to which formal channels/restraints on a king’s ability to take counsel as he pleased were either desirable or effective.  See more on Chris’s work here

Eliza Hartrich is a doctoral student at Merton College, Oxford.  Her dissertation, entitled ‘Town, Crown, and Urban System: The Position of Towns in the English Polity, 1413-71’, explores the relationship of urban politics and political interest groups to national political culture in Wars of the Roses England.  This analysis includes an examination of the means by which ideas about counsel circulated between central and local governments.  More information about Eliza can be found here

Alexander Haskell is an assistant professor of history at University of California, Riverside. His first book, King, Commonwealth, and the People’s Love: Forging the Bonds of Polity in Renaissance Virginia (forthcoming from University of North Carolina Press), explores the relationship between providentialism and legal conceptions of sovereignty in justifying Tudor and Stuart English colonization in America and in shaping the nature of that enterprise. For his next project, he is studying the reception of the Hobbesian ideal of the sovereign state in late seventeenth and eighteenth century British America.  For more information see here

David Heffernan is currently employed as a Research Assistant at University College Cork. His thesis ‘Tudor “Reform” Treatises and Government Policy in Sixteenth Century Ireland’ largely focused on policy papers prepared by officials and commentators in Tudor Ireland and how these evinced a burgeoning public sphere in sixteenth century Ireland. He is increasingly seeking to explore the nature of political consultation between officials on the ground in Ireland and the metropolitan government in London.

Mark A. Hutchinson is a Junior Research Fellow at the Lichtenberg Kolleg, the University of Göttingen Institute of Advanced Study. Formerly, he was a Government of Ireland Postdoctoral Fellow at University College Cork.  He is in the midst of completing a book, provisionally entitled God’s Grace and the State, which examines the influence of reformed theology and state theory on Elizabethan government in Ireland.  More broadly, he is interested in the way in which protestant thought and state theory developed in Jacobean England and Ireland.

Paulina Kewes is a Tutor and Fellow in English Literature at Jesus College, Oxford. She is completing a book on the Elizabethan succession problem, and writing another on Kingship, Counsel, and Earlier Elizabethan Drama.  See her webpage here.

Doyeeta Majumder is a doctoral student in the School of English at St Andrews. Her thesis ‘The New Prince and the Problem of ‘Law-Making’ Violence in Renaissance Drama’ aims to explore the notions of tyranny, usurpation and sovereignty as they manifest themselves in sixteenth-century English and Scottish drama, as well as legal and political tracts. One of her central concerns is the twinned visage of political counsel in the exercise of sovereign power– particularly its expression in the tyrant’s imperviousness to sage advice and his susceptibility to evil counsel.

Natalie Mears is a Senior Lecturer at the University of Durham.  Her first monograph, Queenship and political discourse in the Elizabethan realms (2005), examined the nature of Elizabeth I’s queenship, with a particular reference to methods of counselling; themes which she explored in a number of essays and articles.  She is now working on the nature of political participation, including counselling, in England from 1534 to 1642.  See more about Natalie’s work here

Adrienne Miller is working on a doctoral thesis entitled ‘The Consequences of Ruination: William Graham, seventh earl of Menteith, 1625-1649’ at the University of Edinburgh, which in part explores the relationship between counsel, proximity to the person of the monarch, and patronage.

Mark Nicholls is Librarian at St John’s College, Cambridge.  He works on British succession politics: the political and constitutional problems and opportunities presented by changes of monarch and dynasty.  A particular current interest is the Jacobean Privy Council and its role in English governance.

Joanne Paul is currently Lecturer in the History of Ideas at New College of the Humanities, London. She has published on topics related to counsel widely, most recently in Renaissance Quarterly. Her PhD thesis, Counsel and Command in Anglophone Political Thought, 1485-1651, is currently being revised for publication and she is working on a book on Thomas More’s life and thought.

Nicole Reinhardt is working on a book project on royal confessors as counsellors in seventeenth century Spain and France. She is particularly interested in the idea of ‘counsel of conscience’ as well as in the significance of moral theology for political theory and practice.  For more information see here 

Richard Rex is Reader in Reformation History at the University of Cambridge, based in the Faculty of Divinity and at Queens’ College. With research interests in Reformation theological controversies, Renaissance humanism and education, and religious politics, he works at the interface between intellectual and political history. He has published widely on politics and religion in the reign of Henry VIII. His future plans include further work on Henry VIII as well as a study of Martin Luther.

Cathleen Sarti is a post-doctoral researcher whose doctoral thesis of 2017 from the University of Mainz (Germany) discussed depositions of monarchs on the British Isles and in Scandinavia, 1500-1700.  Cathleen’s new research focuses on non-elite counsellors in Denmark-Norway / Denmark during the rule of the main branch of the Oldenburgs (1448-1863). See more information on Cathleen’s work here, or here.

Dr Laura A.M. Stewart is senior lecturer in early modern British history at Birkbeck, University of London. She is interested in Scottish and British political culture in the post-reformation century, with particular reference to the civil war era. Her next book is provisionally entitled Legitimacy, Authority and Government in Covenanted Scotland, 1637-51.

John Watts is fellow and tutor in History at Corpus Christi College, Oxford.  He has been interested in kingship, counsel and government in later medieval England since the 1980s, and is currently working on a book for the New Oxford History of England series covering 1461-1547.  See more information on John here

Matthew Windsor is junior research fellow in law at the University of Oxford. Matthew’s doctoral thesis – ‘Advising States: The Government Lawyer in International Law’ – developed a theory of international professional responsibility, providing a framework in which to evaluate and critique government advisory practice. His current research project explores the intellectual history of international law through a focus on the Mirrors for Princes literary genre and its approach to the politics of counsel.

Dr John R. Young is the editor of the peer-reviewed journal, Parliaments, Estates and Representation, published by Taylor and Francis. This is the journal of the International Commission for the History of Representative and Parliamentary Institutions (ICHRPI). Dr Young was the Convenor of the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland section of ICHRPI from 2000 to 2010. He is a graduate of the University of Glasgow. He is Senior Lecturer in History at the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow and he has published widely on early modern Scottish History. His research on Scottish parliamentary history has been published in the proceedings of several European Parliaments, including The French National Assembly, the Polish Sejm, and the Parliaments of Catalonia and Portugal. For further information on ICHRPI and Parliaments, Estates and Representation, see and